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Myofacial Pain Syndrome: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, Treatment in Dallas & Mansfield, TX is a chronic pain disorder whereby pressure is exerted on sensitive points (trigger points) in the muscles causing pain in the muscle and some other parts of the body.

Myofascial pain syndrome typically occurs after a muscle has been repetitively contracted or overuse. For example, repetitive muscular motions when doing certain jobs or activities can cause myofascial pain syndrome.

Causes of Myofacial Pain Syndrome

The sensitive areas in your muscles are called trigger points. When the trigger points are overused, or when pressure is exerted on the trigger points, it can lead to pain.Myofacial Pain Syndrome: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, Treatment in Dallas & Mansfield, TX

Repetitive use or overuse of the muscle is the major cause of myofascial pain syndrome.

Risk factors of Myofacial Pain Syndrome

There are certain factors that may increase your risk of myofascial pain syndrome. These include:

Muscle injury

An acute muscle injury or continual muscle stress may increase the risk of developing myofascial pain.

Repetitive motions

Repetitive motion of the muscles such as typing on the computer can increase your risk

Poor posture

Poor posture such as not standing or sitting appropriately can exert pressure on the muscles.

Stress and anxiety

Stress and anxiety may also increase your risk.

Trauma and injury

Trauma and injury that affect the muscles may also lead to myofascial pain syndrome.

Prolonged sitting in a position

Sitting or lying down for a long period of time may also exert pressure on the muscle which may cause myofascial pain syndrome.

Other risk factors include:

  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Lack of exercise or movement
  • Injury to the musculoskeletal system or intervertebral disks
  • Generalized fatigue
  • Lack of sleep
  • Intense cooling of muscles or being in a very cold place
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

Symptoms of Myofacial Pain Syndrome

Symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome include:

  • Deep aching pain in sensitive areas of the muscles
  • Pain that gets worse when the muscle is stretched or strained
  • Pain that gets worse or fails to improve with time
  • Presence of painful knots in muscles
  • Weak, stiff, and inflexible muscle
  • Difficulty to sleep

Diagnosis of Myofacial Pain Syndrome

During diagnosis, your doctor may conduct a physical exam by applying gentle finger pressure to the painful area to ascertain the trigger points. Your doctor will also look for tender nodules in the taut bands of your muscles and examine them.

Your doctor will ask you to describe the pain you feel and the areas you feel the pain. Your doctor will also ask you to describe any other symptoms that you may be experiencing.

Treatments of Myofacial Pain Syndrome

The treatment options for myofascial pain syndrome include:

 Home remedies

Certain home remedies can help relieve myofascial pain syndrome. These include:

Stretching

Gently stretching the affected muscle can help relieve pain.

Posture training

Improving your posture in every part of your body can help relieve myofascial pain.

Exercises

Strengthening exercises can help strengthen the muscles surrounding your trigger point.

Massage

Massaging the affected muscle can help relieve your pain. Massaging the specific areas where you feel pain can help release tension and reduce pain.

Heat

Applying heat on the affected muscle can help relieve muscle tension and reduce pain.

Medications

There are several medications that can be used to relieve the symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome. These include:

Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can relieve pain.

Analgesics

Pain relievers such a lidocaine or diclofenac patch, tramadol, COX-2 inhibitors, and tropisetron may be used to relieve pain. Be aware that most of these medications have side effects. Take them according to your doctor’s prescription and direction.Myofacial Pain Syndrome: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, Treatment in Dallas & Mansfield, TX

Muscle relaxants

Muscle relaxants such as benzodiazepines and tizanidine may be used to reduce muscle spasms.

Anticonvulsants

Anticonvulsants such as gabapentin and pregabalin may help relieve pain and reduce muscle spasms.

Tricyclic antidepressants

Tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline can be used to relieve myofascial pain syndrome.

Botox injections

Botulinum type A is a potent neurotoxin that prevents muscle contractions. When injected into the affected muscle, it may relieve pain.

Dry needling

Dry needling is a quick way to inactivate myofascial trigger points. This is similar to acupuncture. It involves inserting a needle directly into several places in and around the trigger point. Inserting the needle into the trigger point helps break up the muscle tension and inactivate trigger points.

Trigger point injections

Trigger point injections involve injecting saline or a local anesthetic into the tissue. It is done to inactivate myofascial trigger points.

Ultrasound therapy

This involves transmitting sound waves into the tissue through a sound-conducting gel applied to the skin. The sounds waves help to heat up and relax the muscles, and improve blood flow.

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